Catholic leaders urged dialogue and restraint in Belarus, amid violent street clashes following the contested presidential election.
“The two sides clearly have to talk if this dangerous situation isn’t to deteriorate,” said Father Yuri Sanko, spokesman for the Belarusian bishops’ conference.
“Although it isn’t for us to specify what’s needed to defuse the tension, we’ll keep on appealing for every spoken word to be considered carefully to avoid making matters worse.”
The Minsk-based priest spoke to Catholic News Service after two days of violence between protesters and security forces left thousands injured and arrested.
Internet connections with the Catholic Church’s four dioceses and bishops’ conference secretariat remained unavailable on August 11, in what the online monitor NetBlocks described as a “significant disruption.”
Fr Sanko told CNS he had no information about harm to Catholics or damage to Church property, adding that Archbishop Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz of Minsk-Mohilev had urged people to pray the rosary for peace.
“In reality, conditions are far from peaceful, and it’s hard to imagine the protests easing while the whole city centre is closed off, preventing people from returning home,” Fr Sanko said.
“It wasn’t our church’s task to make particular evaluations of the candidates and programs. We simply pointed out which key points should be taken into account as voters made their choices.”
The nation’s official election commission declared President Alexander Lukashenko the victor on August 9 with more than 80 per cent of votes against his nearest rival, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, a 37-year-old former teacher, who was said to have won 9.9 per cent.
However, the results of the ballot, from which international monitors were barred, were rejected by Tikhanovskaya’s supporters, sparking nationwide protests.
The independent Belsat TV, based in neighbouring Poland, said armed police, backed by troops and tanks, had used tear gas, rubber bullets and stun grenades to disperse demonstrators in the capital, Minsk.
The BBC reported that beatings and cries of help could be heard as protesters were arrested and thrown in police vans amid unprecedented violence by security forces.
Lithuania’s foreign minister, Linas Linkevicius, confirmed that Tikhanovskaya had taken refuge in his country after being detained for seven hours.
The Belarusian government confirmed a protester had died in clashes.
Preaching on Sunday at Rakov, Archbishop Kondrusiewicz urged Catholics to recite the rosary “for a peaceful settlement of problems,” recalling a similar appeal had helped avoid civil war in the Philippines in the 1990s.
However, Radio Liberty reported lay Catholics had appealed on Sunday to the electoral commission for a “just and honest counting of votes” and launched an internet campaign titled “Falsification: a grave sin.”
Fr Sanko described the lay Catholic appeal as a “private initiative by young people.”
“We can’t forbid this, since they are state citizens and have a right to explore the Church’s social teaching and make judgments for the benefit of fellow citizens,” the bishops’ conference spokesman said.
“For now, while the situation remains so unclear, we must pray for the peaceful development of our state and society, so we can ensure this crisis doesn’t open up into some wider conflict. But there are some very determined people on both sides, and we must hope things don’t deteriorate more drastically.”
Lukashenko, Eastern Europe’s longest-ruling head of state, was last elected in 2015 with 83.5 per cent of the vote, amid claims of ballot-rigging.
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