Syrians fleeing to neighbouring Jordan from the besieged central city of Homs said some people there are starving to death.
“People are dying of hunger especially, babies and young children,” said Um Mohamed, the mother of four children, who fled with her family to Jordan in mid-2013 after her son was hit in the chest with shrapnel from an exploding bomb.
“There is no milk, no basics are available,” she said, citing phone conversations with family members stuck in Homs.
The Syrian government has reached an agreement with the United Nations to evacuate hundreds of trapped civilians from besieged parts of Homs, according to its state-run TV. Homs Governor Talal Barrazi was quoted as saying the evacuation would take place “very soon”.
“It’s almost impossible to leave Homs,” said another former resident of Homs, Abu Ha’il, whose family of six made the long and perilous journey to Jordan in late January. “The city is surrounded. We risked our lives to get out.
“Government planes fly overhead and bombs are going off. There is torture, hunger. In some places there is food, but it’s not enough or there is simply no food at all,” he cited as the reasons why his family decided to risk their lives leaving.
“The international community is not able deliver food or heating fuel in the dead of a very cold winter,” said the gaunt man, explaining that this has added immeasurably to the city’s woes.
The UN’s World Food Programme has been demanding access to besieged areas in Syria but with only limited success. It said that it has reached about three million people with food aid inside the conflict-ridden country undergoing a civil war for almost three years.
But the organisation believes there are still about a million more people who desperately need food, and among these are the residents of Homs.
A Dutch priest trapped in the siege on Homs’ Old City has drawn global attention to the people’s plight. In videos posted online, he has appealed for international help to end the tragedy.
“Infants are suffering the most,” said Fr Frans Van der Lugt, who has served in Syria since 1966.
“Nursing mothers can’t feed their babies as they are too weak from hunger. We search everywhere for milk, and when we find it, we mix it with water,” the 75-year-old priest told the Daily Telegraph.
“Our city has become a lawless jungle,” Fr Van der Lugt said. “We are trying our best to behave in a fraternal way, so that we don’t turn on each other for the hunger.”
He said residents forage from the remaining vegetation in the area, but the situation is desperate.
Fr Ghassan Sahoui, who visited Beirut in early February, told the American Catholic News Service: “The cordon around the Old City [of Homs] has prevented badly needed foods and medicines from entering the area.”
Fr Sahoui serves in a community about half a mile from Fr Van der Lugt. He said the loss of work due to the conflict added to hardships suffered by the Syrians.
“Stealing is taking place, sometimes because of hunger,” said Fr Sahoui. “People are hungry, and they cannot buy food and heating fuel.”
For some, the little food available consists of bulgur and some olives, and people with access are making soup of bulgur and water. The priest said people eat a few olives as an alternative meal.
Fr Sahoui said his Jesuit community is trying to help Syrians by distributing some food and helping to pay rent for people in Homs.
“We receive everybody, Muslims as well as Christians. Muslims from any background, Sunni and Alawite,” he said.
Broadly speaking, Sunnis are the Muslim community siding mainly with rebel troops, while the Alawites are the Muslim community to which Syrian President Bashar Assad belongs.
“We are trying to help them to live together and to live in reconciliation,” Fr Sahoui said.
The news of the proposed truce between the government and rebels to provide aid to Homs could not come soon enough for Um Sahige, a woman who fled Homs with her immediate family to Jordan late last year.
“We’ve spoken with our families by phone. I got the worrying news that my brother-in-law has fainted from this lack of nourishment. He is so weak now that he cannot move,” she said.