Congolese President Joseph Kabila has expressed support for Catholic bishops’ efforts to mediate a constitutional crisis after he extended his term in office.
On December 5, Kabila met with Archbishop Marcel Utembi Tapa of Kisangani, the bishops’ conference president, and Bishop Fridolin Ambongo Besungu of Bokungu-Ikela, conference vice president. Kabila reiterated his respect for the constitution, urged calm among all groups and told the bishops to be sure to have authenticated working documents from all political and social parties involved in any negotiations.
In a December 2 statement, the bishops had warned of chaos if government and opposition leaders fail to agree to a timeline for elections, and they reiterated their commitment to help arrange a compromise.
“Despite all divergences, we believe a political compromise is still possible if the main parties get involved and prove their goodwill around the table,” the bishops’ conference said.
“The hour is truly grave — and this is why, true to our prophetic mission and, summoning the Congolese people and international community as witnesses, we appeal for responsibility to prevent our country sinking into an uncontrollable situation.”
The bishops’ statement was published as opposition groups prepared for mass demonstrations on December 19, the date Kabila was to have left office.
On November 17, Kabila appointed an opposition member of parliament, Samy Badibanga, as premier of a national unity government, which will be tasked under an October accord to organise presidential elections in April 2018.
However, other opposition leaders have insisted that Kabila cannot stay in power beyond his second and final term.
A source familiar with the negotiations called Kabila’s on December 5 meeting and statement a victory for the church.
“That said, this is not over,” the source told Catholic News Service. “The president is a master of the long game. He has stalled the electoral process for over a year and intentionally led the country into this constitutional crisis. This move with the church could be one more maneuver following the same strategy of stalling, ‘glissement’ in French. He could once again pull the rug out from under (the bishops’ conference) when it suits his purposes.”
In August, the bishops’ conference launched a mediation bid after opposition leaders accused Kabila of seeking to delay autumn elections. The bishops withdrew from a national dialogue in October, after Congo’s electoral commission claimed voter lists had not been updated.
In their statement, the bishops said talks had shown there were “many points of convergence” among the main political factions, but still differences over “understanding the concept of respecting the constitution” and “finding a political compromise.” They said unresolved issues included financing of the election process, the independence of electoral officials and the functioning of institutions during the transition.
In late September, Pope Francis received Kabila at the Vatican, a week after security forces dispersed opposition protesters in Kinshasa, killing 49 and injuring and arresting hundreds more. In late November, the Pope urged Congo’s political and religious leaders to take “every action to build bridges” and “install a culture of dialogue in Congolese society.”
Catholics make up about half of the 67.5 million inhabitants of the mineral-rich Congo.