The number of baptised Catholics worldwide has grown at a faster rate than that of the world’s population, according to Vatican statistics.
Although the number of priests has increased globally, the number has decreased slightly in Europe and Oceania, according to the Vatican’s Central Office for Church Statistics.
The figures are presented in the Annuario Pontificio 2016, the Vatican yearbook, and will appear in the Statistical Yearbook of the Church, which gives detailed figures on the Church’s workforce, sacramental life, dioceses and parishes as of December 31, 2014.
The number of baptized Catholics reached 1.27 billion or 17.8 per cent of the global population, the statistics office reported on March 5.
Despite the increase of Catholics worldwide, the yearbook noted a “less dynamic” growth of only two per cent in Europe.
While the continent is home to almost 40 per cent of the Catholic global population, the per cent of the world’s Catholics living in Europe has slowly decreased over the past nine years, it said.
However, with the exception of Oceania, the number of baptised Catholics has grown faster than the general population growth on every continent.
“The African continent remains without a doubt the one with the highest growth,” the report said; the number of Catholics in Africa increased by 41 per cent, while the number of Catholics in Asia grew by 20 per cent.
The percentage of baptised Catholics as part of the general population remains highest in North and South America where they “make up almost half” of the world’s Catholics, it said.
The number of bishops of the world continued to increase, reaching 5,237 worldwide compared to 4,841 a year earlier.
The total number of priests — diocesan and religious order — around the world was 415,792, which the report said was statistically “stable”. There was a steady increase of diocesan priests in Africa, Asia and Central and South America, while numbers in North America, Europe and Oceania continued to decrease.
The number of permanent deacons reported — 44,566 — was an increase of more than 1,000 over the previous year.
The number of religious brothers was down slightly, going from a total of 55,253 at the end of 2013 to a total of 54,559 at the end of 2014.
The number of women in religious orders continued to decrease, dropping by 10,846 in 2014.The biggest decreases were seen in North and South America, Europe and Oceania while numbers in Africa and Asia continue to rise.
The number of candidates for the priesthood — both diocesan seminarians and members of religious orders — who had reached the level of philosophy and theology studies showed a slight downturn. The number of candidates fell to 116,939 men at the end of 2014 compared to 118,251 men at the end of 2013.
The variation in the number of men training to become priests varies by continent, the report said. There is an “evident decline” in the numbers from Europe and North America, while “Africa and Asia show great vitality,” it said.