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Pope Francis: Human trafficking is an open wound on society

Pope Francis with Cardinal Nichols, Theresa May and police chiefs Below: Francis arrives at the conference and Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe signs the trafficking declaration while Cardinal Nichols watches on (Flickr/Mazur)

Meeting four victims of human trafficking, dozens of religious sisters and senior police chiefs from 20 countries, Pope Francis praised their coordinated efforts to fight against a “crime against humanity.”

“Human trafficking is an open wound on the body of contemporary society, a scourge upon the body of Christ,” he said.

The Pope spoke at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences earlier today to participants in an international conference on combating human trafficking, which was organised by the Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales and Cardinal Vincent Nichols of Westminster.

Human trafficking “is a crime against humanity” that requires continued global and local cooperation between the Catholic Church and law enforcement, Pope Francis said.

The twin strategies of police cracking down on the criminals behind trafficking and Church and social workers aiding victims “are quite important,” he said, and “can and must go together.”


Pope Francis called the Vatican meeting “a gesture of the Church and of people of good will who want to scream, ‘Enough!'”

The April 9-10 gathering of 120 people representing national and international police agencies, women and men religious and humanitarian workers aiding victims was the second international conference on trafficking hosted by the UK bishops at the Vatican.

Three of the four victims attending the conference also spoke to the assembly about how they fell into in the snares of criminal gangs and escaped from their ruthless traffickers.

A woman from Hungary told attendees how her own sister had sold her into slavery. She was separated from her two-year-old daughter and was even “traded for a car” by her traffickers.

She was abused, beaten and bullied by the family housing her, including the family’s three-year-old boy, she said. She was forced to prostitute herself “24 hours a day,” seven days a week for three years.

The conference focused on showcasing a joint initiative between police and the Church that began in London three years ago; it’s a model the British bishops hope will be copied and adopted around the world.

Detective Inspector Kevin Hyland of Scotland Yard’s trafficking and organised crime unit explained in his talk on Wednesday how, when the police conduct raids on suspected brothels and potential crime scenes, they have group of nuns speak with the women found inside because the women often don’t want to talk to the police, but they do open up to the sisters.

The sisters pass on to police additional testimony they receive from the women while they are living under the sisters’ care.

Disclosures of rape and other crimes “led to immediate arrests” and the identification of perpetrators as well as brought down a major trafficking ring, he said.

Sacred Heart Sister Florence Nwaonuma of Nigeria told the conference today that because the world’s religious sisters are on the ground with the people they know “exactly what is happening” when it comes to victims, clients and traffickers.

“But we need the empowerment to challenge these unjust structures that are pushing our women out of Nigeria,” and they need more vocations to religious life “so we can continue our work,” she said.

Another Sacred Heart sister from Nigeria, identified as Sister Antonia, asked participants to think of ways the Church can help the men seeking prostitutes. “Most clients are Catholics and family men, even teenagers,” she said. She called for approaches that would help men see “that they are using these girls and that they are not objects.”

She and other religious said as long as nothing is done to amend the poverty and injustice that is rendering people more vulnerable to traffickers, the supply of people for sale will never end.

At the end of the meeting, “The Santa Marta Group,” an international group of senior law enforcement chiefs, was formally established.

The group — named after the Domus Sanctae Marthae residence where the conference participants stayed and where the Pope lives — will be led by Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe, commissioner of London’s Metropolitan Police Service.

More than 20 police chiefs signed the new group’s declaration of commitment today and pledged to meet again in London in November to share expertise, training and “practical things we can do” to fight human trafficking.

Hogan-Howe challenged the police chiefs, saying “the test” of the new initiative’s success will be seeing if “we all (will) be there in London if the Holy Father is not there,” a comment met with laughter from the people in the conference hall.

Ronald Noble, secretary-general of Interpol, said modern-day slavery is a huge business. The United Nations estimates 2.4 million people are trafficked at any given time and generate $32 billion in annual profits for criminals.

But he said, it’s the real human being, “a name, a face, a voice crying for help,” that should move people into action, not the statistics.

“Police and spiritual leaders have different roles, but walk the same streets” and need to work together, he said.


Cardinal Nichols said, “Only one percent of people in slavery are identified and rescued.” Even while one life is saved, there are still millions of women, men and children in the grips of traffickers, he said.

“We need legislation, concrete action and robust funding” to do more, he added. Hogan-Howe said more also needs to be done to encourage victims to not be afraid or embarrassed to come forward and denounce their oppressors to the police.

Auxiliary Bishop Patrick Lynch of Southwark, England, urged the world’s bishops “to have the confidence to approach the local chief of police” and urged local police chiefs “to have the confidence to contact the bishop” and find ways to work together.

Earlier this week, Cardinal Nichols and Home Secretary Theresa May, who also attended the conference, wrote a join article in the Daily Telegraph in which they warned that British companies must ensure that their suppliers were not in anyway connected to trafficking or exploitation.

They wrote that “modern slavery” can take many forms, from being “trafficked for cheap labour, into prostitution, domestic servitude or forced into a life of crime”.

Of those enslaved in Britain, they wrote, “some wish to return to their home countries, others were trafficked with the collusion of their own families and want to stay in Britain. But what they all tend to have in common is that they are socially and economically vulnerable, on the margins of society. Organised criminal gangs deliberately prey on and exploit people they perceive to have no voice. That is why we must all become their voice and speak loudly for them.”

Last week, Pope Francis and US President Barack Obama agreed to work together to tackle human trafficking and the Vatican said this week’s conference was a “practical step in fulfilling this aim”. The Pope has previously described human trafficking as a “scourge” of the 21st century.


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