Representatives of the Legionaries of Christ, meeting to reform their troubled congregation nearly four years after it was effectively taken over by the Vatican, have announced a new slate of leaders and formally apologised to victims of their disgraced founder.
The statement by the congregation’s extraordinary general chapter, released this week, expressed “deep sorrow” for the late Fr Marcial Maciel Degollado’s “reprehensible and objectively immoral behaviour”, including “abuse of minor seminarians”, “immoral acts with adult men and women”, “arbitrary use of his authority and of material goods,” “indiscriminate consumption of addictive medicines” and plagiarism.
Saying they were “grieved” it had taken so long to apologise to Fr Maciel’s “many victims”, the members of the chapter acknowledged a “long institutional silence” in response to accusations against him, and offered a progress report in efforts to overcome the founder’s demoralising legacy.
The gathering of 61 Legionary priests from 11 countries, which opened on January 8 and is expected to last until the end of February, is the culmination of a reform process that began with a Vatican-ordered apostolic visitation in 2009. That investigation was prompted by revelations that Fr Maciel, who died in 2008, had fathered at least one illegitimate child and sexually abused children.
In 2010 the Vatican announced that Fr Maciel had been guilty of “seriously and objectively immoral behaviour” and “real crimes”, and had lived a “life devoid of scruples and of genuine religious meaning”. That same year, Pope Benedict XVI named Cardinal Velasio De Paolis to supervise the Legionaries’ reform.
The Legionaries announced that the chapter had elected Mexican Fr Eduardo Robles Gil Orvananos to serve as the congregation’s general director. Fr Robles Gil was to succeed German Father Sylvester Heereman, who has served as the congregation’s vicar general and then acting general director since February 2012. Fr Heereman will now serve as general councillor, one of six other posts filled in the election.
In 2012 Cardinal De Paolis invited Fr Maciel’s immediate successor as general director, Fr Alvaro Corcuera, to step down for the sake of his health.
The Legionaries will henceforth change leaders more often and appoint advisory councils to “prevent potential arbitrary behaviour and abuses of authority”, the chapter statement said.
The chapter members said Fr Maciel had been treated with “excessive exaltation” by his followers, but that, since the 2006 abolition of a private vow forbidding the criticism of superiors, Legionaries had been learning to “freely debate” how their congregation is governed.
The statement also said Legionaries had exhibited certain “personal and institutional behaviors that were not proper to religious life”, including “insufficient collaboration with the local church, excessive emphasis on the role of personal effort and merely human effectiveness, striving after prestige, and an indiscriminate fulfilling of minute norms”.
“All of this demands of us not only a change in legislative texts, but also a continual conversion of mind and heart,” the statement said.
Before it adjourns at the end of February, the chapter is supposed to approve a revised constitution, which has not yet been released to the press.
In their statement, chapter members expressed a desire to maintain “friendship and fraternal dialogue” with former Legionaries. According to Fr Benjamin Clariond, a spokesman for the order, 84 priests and at least 439 seminarians have left since 2010. He said the congregation now counts four bishops and 954 priests among its members, and is preparing 836 adult seminarians for ordination.
Chapter members also noted that some branches of the congregation had been burdened with increasing debt in recent years, owing in part to a “fall-off in donations”.
Despite their troubles, the Legionaries remain influential at the Vatican, among other ways through Rome’s Pontifical Regina Apostolorum University, which they run.
In November Pope Francis, who must approve the Legionaries’ new constitution before it takes effect, ordained Bishop Fernando Vergez, a member of the congregation, three months after naming him to the second-highest post in the office governing Vatican City.