The Italian police closed St Peter’s Square on Tuesday following the Italian government decree extending quarantine measures to all of Italy to slow the spread of coronavirus.
The Italian authorities have jurisdiction over the square, which they closed shortly before noon on March 10.
Italian police told CNA the square is closed and no one may enter except for work purposes.
Swiss guards at St Peter’s Square confirmed to CNA that tourists and pilgrims are not allowed to enter the basilica to pray because if the square is closed the basilica is also “automatically” closed. One said they are waiting for more information.
The Vatican City State has its own legal order that is autonomous and separate from the Italian legal system, but the Holy See Press Office Director has repeatedly stated that Vatican City is implementing measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus in coordination with the Italian authorities.
Italian police closed St. Peter's Square (under their jurisdiction) shortly before noon today. Swiss Guards told me this means the Basilica is also "automatically" closed.
Scheduled Masses in St Peter’s Basilica and Sant’Anna in the Vatican took place on March 9 and 10 before the closure, as did confessions inside of the basilica, following a previous Italian government decree on March 8 suspending all public religious ceremonies.
The thousands of priests who currently reside in the Diocese of Rome are still allowed to celebrate Mass privately after the diocese cancelled public Masses to abide by the government decree.
Churches throughout the city have also remained open for private prayer with some parishes choosing to offer Eucharistic Adoration. Religious communities in Rome have also told CNA that they have continued to attend private Masses in their residences.
Bishops from France offered a private Mass in the crypt chapel of St Peter’s Basilica at the tomb of St Peter on March 9, and sat one meter apart during their ad limina meeting with Pope Francis later that day.
The nationwide quarantine in Italy restricts movement around the country and between regions. Restaurants and bars must close at 6pm and gathering in groups is forbidden.
People are encouraged to stay home, but may move around the city for work, to go to the grocery store or pharmacy, or for medical care. In public, people are asked to keep one meter of distance from each other.
Several Vatican officials told CNA that work inside Vatican offices continues despite coronavirus.
Employees and officials have been asked to remain one meter away from each other at all times, to restrict visits from guests, and to not gather around the coffee machine, one official said. He also said essential offices are fully staffed and open for the time being.
An official from another office said he “would be very surprised” if he were asked to work from home, as this is never done. He said for him, work “continues as normal,” but there is some uncertainty for the future.
The Holy See press office is open its regular hours with some employees working remotely. The communications office, where Vatican Media employees work, is working out a system for coverage with fewer employees in the office, but remains open.