Pope Francis mourned the deaths of all those killed in extremist and ethnic violence in Kenya, and admonished the perpetrators to “come to their senses and seek mercy”.
Meeting the Kenyan bishops on April 16 during their “ad limina” visits to the Vatican, the Pope urged the bishops to step up efforts with other Christians and other faiths to promote peace, dialogue and justice.
“In this way you will be able to offer a more unified and courageous denunciation of all violence, especially that committed in the name of God,” he said a written message to the bishops.
The bishops’ meeting at the Vatican to report on the state of their dioceses came just two weeks after an attack by the Somalia-based al-Shabab militants on Garissa University College left nearly 150 people dead.
Co-adjutor Bishop Joseph Alessandro of Garissa said the university is so close to the cathedral that he “could hear everything: the gunshots, the ambulances, the police, the military,” and everyone rushing the victims to the hospital right in front of the cathedral.
The attack on April 2, Holy Thursday, led to heightened security and people being told to stay at home during Holy Week, he said. One Mass was cancelled and very few people turned up for liturgies the rest of the week.
“But on Easter Sunday, it was a surprise even for me because the cathedral was full,” he said, with many parents bringing their babies and other children for baptism.
The ceremony of joy and rebirth after so much suffering and death in the community was a fitting parallel to Jesus’s suffering, death and resurrection, he said, that he encouraged the congregation to “believe in the resurrection not only of those young students who lost their lives, but even of ourselves.”
With help from the US Conference of Catholic Bishops, Bishop Alessandro said they launched a project of face-to-face discussions with influential Muslim and Christian religious leaders to share insights and find solutions when trouble seemed to be brewing.
Christian and Muslim women also have come together, he said, and, in one instance, successfully kept government officials accountable.
The women found out “there was going to be a clash between two clans,” he said, and they “went to the governor and the council office telling them what was being planned and they kept them responsible if something happened.” The government officials called in the clan leaders and “managed to calm down the situation” before anything happened.
Inter-faith projects for youth include sports initiatives and school programmes, the bishop said, so the Church is helping the community’s youngest generations “live together, grow together and realise that there is not so much difference humanly speaking between Muslims and Christians.”
Bishop Alessandro said by teaching the Gospel values of peace, justice, honesty, friendship and collaboration to young people, the bishops hope that as adults they “will try to look at each other as being human beings — all children of God.”
Archbishop Martin Kivuva Musonde of Mombasa, told CNS that in the wake of the attacks, the Kenyan bishops “quickly pulled together” leaders of the Muslim, Protestant and Catholic communities to see what could be done and urge them to denounce the atrocities.
“Someone suggested we do a caravan of peace” engaging as many people of faith as possible to travel to the area, raising awareness “that crime and terror do not give us any peace of mind and heart.”
Archbishop Kivuva said Pope Francis expressed his great sorrow over the killings and said he was praying that those who cause so much fear and insecurity would have a change of heart.
He said the Pope encouraged them in their task of bringing hope to a troubled world and in reaching out to those who suffer in different ways.
The Pope, in his written message said Kenya’s bishops need to stand united before the country’s leaders and promote moral principles and the common good.
“The Church must take a prophetic stand in defence of the poor and against all corruption and abuse of power. She must do so, in the first place, by example. Do not be afraid to be a prophetic voice,” the message added.
Archbishop Kivuva said people can get paralysed by “so much misery, it’s very depressing. But we have to pick up the courage and take up hope, we cannot just sit back and watch and say we are losing hope. We have hope.”
Young people are always a source of hope, he said, because they are open to seeing other people in a positive light, interacting positively with other people and building for the future.